In Vazquez v. Jan-Pro Franchising Int’l, Inc., the Ninth Circuit revived a decade old wage and hour class action and simultaneously dealt a blow to many employers utilizing independent contractors by holding that California Supreme Court’s “ABC test,” as set forth in Dynamex Operations West, Inc. v. Superior Court of Los Angeles, applies retroactively.

The Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs (OFCCP) – the Department of Labor office responsible for overseeing federal contractors’ and subcontractors’ equal employment opportunity and affirmative action obligations – was very active in 2018. Led by new Director Craig Leen, who served as acting director of the agency until December 2018, OFCCP issued 12 new